With urbanisation being the buzzword in India, newer cities are getting created and the infrastructure of existing ones is being upgraded. India’s urban population is expected to grow in the coming decades, with a 2014 McKinsey & Company report stating that 44% of India’s consuming class is expected to be residing in 21 high growth affluence clusters by 2025. The government’s flagship Smart Cities Initiative, to keep pace with the rapid urbanisation, has seen significant and successful implementation in many of the targeted 100 cities.
Efficient mobility plays an integral role in the planning and development of a Smart City. Effective transport management and integrated transport strategies can be game changers in making a Smart City smart.
In 2015 alone, a total of 210 million motor vehicles were registered in India. Growing commercialisation and increasing disposable incomes have further boosted the market. Two and three wheelers are an integral part of the country’s automobile sector, as they are one of the most preferred means of transportation in rural as well as urban India. According to a recent report, India is now the world’s biggest two-wheeler market, having seen sales of 17.7 million two-wheelers in 2016. The market for three wheelers in India is expected to witness phenomenal growth and cross USD 3.4 BN by 2017.
Despite this growth, there is a gap in the efforts to address the emissions and energy consumption in these segments. There is a clear need for rating the environmental performance of these vehicles in India to educate and inform consumers, so that they can account for the environment in their purchasing decisions.