Based on the Central Electricity Authority’s (CEA) Load Generation Balance Report 2015-2016 released in May 2015, India’s electricity sector had an energy deficit of 3.6% (38,138 MU) and a peak deficit of 4.7% (7,006 MW) in 2014-2015. For the year 2015-2016 the anticipated energy deficit is 2.1% (24,077 MU) and the anticipated peak deficit is 2.6% (4,108 MW).
With 300 million people still lacking access to electricity and per capita consumption expected to grow, both energy efficiency and increased generating capacity are required to meet India’s goals on 24×7 energy access, energy security and CO2 reduction. Utilities companies face the triple challenge of improving environmental performance, keeping consumers’ costs down and maintaining system reliability.
Given utilities’ direct connection to consumers and their knowledge of consumer consumption patterns, they are well placed to promote energy efficiency through Demand Side Management (DSM), which would help reduce and/or manage peak demand as well as encourage improvement in Energy Efficiency on customer premises.
Tracking developments in the Utility DSM sector would help Indian utilities learn about technology developments, best practices, successful DSM schemes in India and abroad, which could help them design and innovate schemes most suited to their customer base. This could also aid capacity building in DSM among all key stakeholders.