Energy Efficiency in India has gathered significant momentum over the last 15 years since the ground-breaking Energy Conservation Act. This Act led to the creation of Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) and the State Designated Agencies (SDA) in the states. It also put in place the much-needed institutional framework that had been missing so far.
Since then, BEE has developed the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC), a Standards and Labelling programme for the most energy-intensive appliances and an ambitious and innovative industrial energy efficiency program, Perform Achieve and Trade (PAT). ECBC is already proving effective in some states, with others also committed to mandating it. SDAs have been key drivers in implementing Energy Efficiency programmes in states. Another milestone is NITI Aayog’s recently launched energy scenario building tool India Energy Security Scenarios (IESS) 2047 which offers a platform to facilitate academic and policy discourse about potential pathways for the Indian energy sector.
There is substantial potential to impact energy efficiency and reduce energy demand by 2047. However, energy saving potential at the national level can only be realised through state action. And, while there has been some effort by states, there needs to be a significant upswing in implementation of energy efficiency measures across all sectors, i.e. buildings, industry, transport, utilities, in states.
Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE) is undertaking the preparation of the State Energy Efficiency Index for each of the 29 Indian States, to
- Highlight energy efficiency efforts and achievements
- Recognise leaders and encourage healthy competition
- Identify best practices
This effort will build on the work done by the World Bank on ‘India’s State-level Energy Efficiency Implementation Readiness’. The intended outcome of institutionalising periodic State Energy Efficiency Indices is to continuously improve adoption of Energy Efficiency in the States and thereby realise energy savings at a National level. The publication of the first Index is scheduled for November 2017.
The State Energy Efficiency Index will be aligned with other NITI Aayog indices such as the ‘Performance of Health Outcomes’ developed with technical assistance from World Bank, ‘School Education Quality Index SEQI’ and ‘Water Management Index’.
The State Energy Efficiency Index will be comprised of indicators on
- Outcomes (Energy Savings Realised through EE)
- Governance & Management
AEEE will collaborate closely with NITI Aayog, BEE and SDAs for this effort. AEEE will conduct consultative workshops with SDAs, BEE and NITI Aayog and other key stakeholders from States to create awareness on the State EE Index and seek inputs on the development & implementation of the index. This consultative approach with the States will help in developing an effective index capturing all the relevant indicators.
AEEE will work with States in collecting data, evaluating the data and finalising the Index for publication. The Index will be released online as well. The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE), which has developed the highly successful US State EE Scorecard and International EE Scorecard, is supporting AEEE in this initiative.